Connections for Success



The Telehealth Tax Checklist
Jason Flahive

Your telehealth tax questions, answered

Health care practices implementing telehealth often focus their efforts on the marketing, technology, security and logistics of providing health care services to their patients and occasionally overlook tax and state regulatory considerations. The very nature of telehealth, which allows for patient care delivery across state lines, requires a careful analysis of federal and state tax compliance obligations. Fortunately, ORBA has resources that can help.

Whether you are the owner of a small startup or the tax director of a large health care enterprise, our telehealth tax checklist highlights information that should be gathered and common issues to consider when assessing telehealth federal and state tax obligations. Using your knowledge in conjunction with this checklist will help identify gaps in your telehealth tax planning regardless of the stage of implementation.

Related Read: Get Ready for Your Closeup: Embrace Telehealth

Before you implement telehealth…

  • If you are a tax-exempt health care provider, have you analyzed whether telehealth revenues could result in Unrelated Business Income Tax?
  • Have you properly assessed and addressed HIPAA, HITECH and other security risks?
  • Do you have records detailing where all your equipment and employees are located?
  • Where are the patients located who will be accessing telehealth services?
  • Do you know where your providers are licensed to practice?
  • Are you up to date on state-level corporate practice of medicine laws?
  • Do you have the resources to address telehealth tax compliance in-house?
  • Are you working with an attorney and tax advisor with telehealth expertise?
  • Have you conducted a state-by-state analysis to determine where your company should be registered to do business?

While you are implementing telehealth…

  • Does your practice management and billing software maintain documentation on where your patients are located to ensure that you allocate revenue properly?
  • Are you using billing codes consistently and accurately for the telehealth services that you perform?
  • Are you tracking patient outcomes to understand at what point your performance obligations have been fulfilled?
  • Do you have one centralized, easy-to-use dashboard to aggregate all data related to telehealth visits and outcomes?
  • Have you addressed potential sales and use tax obligations of providing telehealth technology in various jurisdictions?
  • With employees in various states and local jurisdictions, have payroll tax and withholding obligations been addressed?

Related Read: How Can You Improve the Telemedicine Experience?

After you have implemented telehealth…

  • Have you recently conducted a nexus review for your organization?
  • Do you have a list of all states in which you may have generated revenue via telehealth visits?
  • Are you staying up to date on new telehealth tax compliance rules as states look for ways to increase revenues?
  • Are you confident that you are accurately recognizing revenue for your telehealth visits?
  • Have you received any tax notices or letters from either the IRS or any states?
  • Have you complied with all state and local tax obligations in each state in which you are providing telehealth services?

Related Read: Challenges to Recognizing Revenue for Telehealth Visits

If any of these questions remain unanswered, consult with your ORBA tax advisor or legal counsel for advice on navigating the tax and compliance complexities that telehealth adds to your practice.

For more information, contact Jason Flahive at [email protected] or 312.670.7444. Visit to learn more about our Health Care Group.

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Forward Thinking